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SIGHTS

Ancient city of Kos.

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on 20/06/2013

The ruins of the ancient city are scattered throughout the city of Kos and is divided into three archaeological zones in the central, eastern and western. In the central zone, excavations unearthed artifacts from the Early-Christian, the Geometric and the Mycenaean Age, which are exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Kos, along with its magnificent mosaics, many of which were used to decorate the Castle of Knights . Excavations also brought to light an ancient cemetery with many graves of young children and infants. This zone also includes the Venetian Castle and the Roman buildings south, where one can admire the beautiful mosaics. One of the famous mosaics exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Kos, depicts the meeting between Asklepios and Hippocrates.
Most of the city ruins were excavated in the area around the harbor shortly after a devastating earthquake in 1933. This is the eastern part of the excavation. Among the findings is the altar of the pandemic Venus, the altar of Hercules, Hellenistic altar
in a trapezoid shape, an arch of the 3rd or 4th century BC surrounds with impressive columns, the Basilica in the Orthodox cemetery (5th-6th century), and Agora Avenue Hippocrates. In the same area, one can see the beautiful churches
St. John, St. George and Our Lady Katenatis. Here one can also see parts of the Hellenistic wall that surrounded the ancient city. The western zone includes preserved monuments such as the temple and the altar of Dionysus, the baths, the ancient
stage opposite the church of St. Anne, the Nymphaeum with beautiful mosaic floors and a staircase that leads to the Acropolis, the Odeon where found many statues, and the Casa Romana, a mansion from the Roman era, beautifully decorated with frescoes, carved scenes and gorgeous mosaics. Here one can see a Hellenistic gymnasium.

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